Philadelphia Social Security Disability Lawyers Explain Exertional and Non-Exertional Limits
When an applicant’s condition is not on the SSA list of impairments, Social Security uses a set of grids based on the applicant’s age, education and job skill level to determine if the applicant is eligible for SSDI (Social Security Disability Income). Grids are tables that determine if the applicant can perform new work or a former job.
One other grid factor Social Security uses is called the physical RFC (residual functional capacity). The RFC is divided into exertional and non-exertional. Exertional limits are an applicant’s ability to handle the strength part of a job. Non-exertional limits are non-strength issues such as emotional stability and the ability to work under stress.
Seven physical limits that will be examined are a person’s ability to stand, sit, walk, lift, carry, push or pull objects. Depending on the applicant’s answers, the claimant will be categorized as being able to do sedentary, light, medium, heavy or very heavy work.
The tests consider how long the person can do something, such as sit without pain, or how much weight the person can manage. If a person experiences pain after 30 minutes of standing, then the standing limit is 30 minutes. If a person feels no pain pushing 10 pounds but real pain pushing 25 pounds, then the person’s push limit is 10 pounds.
Someone who can only stand for 30 minutes and can only carry up to 10 pounds will likely be classified as being able to only perform light work or sedentary work.
Non-exertional limits are those other than the standard seven used for exertional evaluation. Examples of other limitations include:
- Dexterity: the ability to manipulate objects with one’s hands or the ability to reach for something off a shelf.
- Posture: how well the applicant can crouch or handle positions other than standing and sitting.
- Communication limitations: can the applicant see, hear and speak?
- The ability to concentrate for long periods of time and the ability to understand instructions.
- How well the applicant can endure climate factors.
Philadelphia Social Security Disability Lawyers at the Law Offices of Eric A. Shore Understand Residual Functional Capacity Tests
Our Social Security disability lawyers work to have the claimant properly articulate and the doctors report the degree of pain or inability to perform each type of activity. At the Law Offices of Eric A. Shore, our Social Security Disability lawyers in Philadelphia will advocate that the claimant’s RFC and other limitations show that the claimant cannot perform new or old work. Claimants who cannot work due to a disability should make an appointment by calling 1-800-CANT-WORK (1-800-226-8967) or 215-627-9999 for a free consultation, or complete our online contact form. The firm represents disabled workers nationwide.